Product Your Product From the Elements with Ingress Protection (IP) Testing

Ingress Protection Testing is a complex system. Fortunately, Cascade TEK knows a little bit about IP testing and how the ratings work. There’s different levels of protection and having an IP test done will ensure your product is ready for selling.

First, a definition. Ingress Protection Testing is performed to determine if a product’s exterior case or enclosure will protect the parts that work inside of the product from water, dust or intrusion. Foreign particles can cause damage to your product, which is why it’s important to figure out how water-tight the enclosure is. IP testing is performed at accredited testing labratories.

In testing standards, an IP test is called out as IEC 60529. In ratings, the first few letters call out the type of test, followed by performance with water and solids. One is the highest rating you can get, with it being protected from vertical falling raindrops and protected from solid objects greater than 50 mm.

You can also test with UV sensitive dye. That will allow you to figure out for tight enclosures whether it passes or fails.

It’s important to know which test is best for your product. It can be done with calibrated nozzles, submersion tanks, or specific dusts and fluids. Whatever you do, just make sure it’s industry standard approved.

There’s more. Read on in the infographic below.

IP-Testing

The Science of Vacuum Drying

Vacuum drying has been around for a long time but has come in to the media spotlight as of late. Why? The legalization of marijuana. Cannabis extractors will use vacuum oven drying to extract pure THC while removing impurities. Cascade TEK has provided an infographic to depict the oven drying process.

The steps of vacuum oven drying are relatively simple. First, liquid moisture must be changed to a gaseous state. Second, the vacuum oven decreases pressure, which will drop the temperature required for liquids to vaporize. This step allows the third, moisture evaporates and dries the compound at a lower temperature.

As you may know, water boils at lower temperatures in higher elevations. For example, at sea level, water boils at 212 degrees Fahrenheit (100 degrees Celsius). If you were to visit Denver, that water boiling temperature decreases to 202.5 degrees F (94.7 Celsius). At Mount Everest, water boils at 154 degrees F (68 degrees Celsius).

Vacuum drying can be used for more things than just the removal of moisture. It’s used to release chemicals from sealants, lubricants or metals in the process called Outgassing. It’s also used to force volatile chemicals out of compounds in a Bakeout and to prevent reactions like oxidation.

See more in the infographic below.

vacuum-oven-drying-science

Everything we need to know about autumn

While we all know that autumn comes after summer and the leaves fall off trees and the temperature drops, how much do we really know about this well regarded season? Autumn is a fascinating time of year. The leaves are turning and animals are busying themselves with collecting enough food to keep them going over a long winter.

This infographic from Center Parcs looks at the details of autumn. Let’s start with the birds – many birds begin to migrate away to warmer climates as the summer comes to an end – Lots of migratory birds arrive in the UK from North America to settle in the warmer climates. As a result, many Geese start to arrive in England’s ponds and lakes in the beginning of Autumn. Other animals, such as squirrels have to start storing up provisions for the winter. For squirrels, this means building up large cache’s of nuts. Similarly, bees store up their honey all through summer so that they can hide away when autumn comes. Additionally, hedgehogs start their hibernation at the end of autumn. To get more fun facts on autumn and to learn how to make a bug hotel, read the infographic below!

autumn

Magnetism and Electricity. A History.

How much do you know about the history of electricity and magnetism? Fortunately, First4magnets.com has provided a handy infographic to educate us on how the human race interacted with these forces that we can’t see.

The first encounter with electricity was in 600 BC when Thales, a Greek philosopher, discovered that when amber rubbed with silk, it became electrically charged and attracted other items. This was static electricity. It wasn’t until 1175, that the next event related to electricity and magnetism occurred. This was in 1175, when an English monk named Alexander Neckham described the workings of a compass. But how was it created? Not sure about that one…

In 1600, an English physician and scientist named William Gilbert was the first to actually speak about electricity. He also wrote about the electrification of many substances and was the first person to use the terms magnetic pole, electric force, and electric attraction. He suggested that magnetism was the “heart of the Earth” and published his findings.

Curious to know more? See the infographic below.

HistoryOfElectricityMagnetism-InfoGraphic

The Possibilities of 3D Printing

Started in the 1980’s, 3D printing provides endless possibilities for manufacturing and can drastically alter the production and accessibility of today’s necessities. And 3D printing isn’t just making waves in the products realm. Other industries such as medicine, food production and industry materials also benefit greatly from this technological advancement.

According to Ink Technologies, the rapidly expanding possibilities of 3D printing has evolved to include a variety of materials, such as nylon, sugar and human cells. An object like jewelry uses nylon while running shoes use nylon polyamide powder.

Bionic ears can be created using calf cells, polymer gel and silver nanoparticles which can increase hearing by five gigahertz.

Chocolate sculptures can be made and cake toppers can made with sugar.

Fuel Injectors can be made with metallic powder, a motorcycle shell can be made with Windform XT and a cell phone display can be made with graphene.

See the infographic below to learn more.

The-Possibilities-of-a-3D-Printer

Science Careers for Students

SEED, or Schlumberger Excellence in Education Development has released an infographic regarding science careers for students who don’t know if they love science. The image is essentially a map asking questions about what a student likes and a science career that is related to that interest.

Many students are unaware of the science opportunities out there, and the more interest that can be generated, the more likely to advance the technological or environmental knowledge in our country. For example, students may not be aware that a veterinary career is in fact science, and what child doesn’t ask for a dog, cat or pony?

According to SEED, teachers love to see the shift in perspective in their students because it is in fact a shift in their reality. Teachers love to help students realize their potential and what they could eventually become “when they grow up.”

The infographic below is printable. Take a look and see what science careers are possible!

Science_Careers_SEED_July2013

The History of Glass

Our infographic timeline which shows how glass has evolved from the first manmade objects discovered in Mesopotamia to the paper-thin wrap around glass of today. The timeline covers some of the major developments over the centuries including how the Roman’s helped to spread glassmaking across Europe, the role of Venice as a major centre for glassmaking during the middle ages and how a laboratory accident led to the creations of laminated glass. Continue reading

The Green Olympics

The London 2012 Olympic committee has engaged in an intense campaign to market themselves as the “first sustainable Olympics.” In fact, when the city was vying for the bid to host the 2012 Olympics, they promoted five main themes to focus their green efforts: climate change, waste, biodiversity, inclusion, and healthy living. Highlights of their sustainability plan include the goal of tracking the entire carbon footprint of the event, and shipping 50% of construction material by river or rail–a goal they managed to surpass by 10%. Continue reading